What is forging?

Forging is a process that involves the reshaping of material into a required design. Forging is carried out in many ways, put simply forging is when a preheated metal is formed into the desired shape by heating and hammering the piece. The blows are usually delivered by a die or hammer.

There are many different types of forging, these types are often classified by the temperature at which the process is performed, cold forging or hot forging.

The history of Forging

Forging is known to date back to at least 4000 BC, some may say it's even earlier than this. The whole forging process has changed considerably since that time, but the basic principles have remained the same. Once the mindset towards fire had changed (originally it was feared due to the devastation it could cause if not controlled) techniques were invented to control the flames, and use the heat to an advantage, humans found that various metals such as copper, silver, and even gold could be made into the desired shape using the heat of the flame, heated rocks were used to hammer the heated metal into the required form. This was how the forging process was started.

Various types of forging

There are many types of forging, the most common ones are Hand forging, drop forging, and upset forging.

Hand Forging

Hand forging can also be called blacksmithing, it is the simplest form of forging. A forge will be used to heat the metal, it can then be beaten and hammered into the required shape using tools such as a hammer and anvil.

Drop Forging

Drop forging is another process, this time a hammer is lifted and dropped repeatedly onto a heated piece of metal, which will re-shape it into the shape of the die. Again, the metal will be preheated, softening the structure of the metal, once cooled it will then solidify, giving you an increased strength of the metal.

Upset Forging

Upset forging is slightly different in its process, a preheated bar is placed into a grove, which will hold it in place whilst pressure is applied, this will force the end of the bar into the die, forcing it into the shape of the mould.

Here at BB Price, we have a drop forging capacity of up to 1000 tonnes, this is using a screw press. We can offer upset forging on steel sections on diameters as little as 10mm up to 50 mm. BB price was founded in 1875by a gentleman called Joseph Price (Joseph was the great grandfather of the current directors) starting off in the nail-making trade, using a simple forge in the outhouse of the family home. In the 1940s the business started supplying galvanized steelwork for overhead lines and telecommunications, this still represents most of the company’s production to this current day.

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